learning involves psychology quizlet
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Units not included in 2020 exam: Units 8–9. Chapter 6 learning psychology quizlet - RuachWords Chapter 6 : Learning - Important Questions and Answers List of Questions and Answers 1._____stands for a relatively permanent change in a behavioural tendency which occurs as a result of reinforced practice. (The number of times that it occurs within each interval is irrelevant.). Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought . The multiple choice section is worth two-thirds and the free response section is worth one-third of the final exam grade. The assumption that a person's characteristics are mostly learned or are the result of experience. Also known as the nurture perspective. A technology of behavior in which basic principles of behavior are applied to real-world issues. Learning to surf, as well as any complex learning process (e.g., learning about the discipline of psychology), involves a complex interaction of conscious and unconscious processes. Principle of Learning Theories: Complex Learning: In addition to conditioning and trial and error, complex learning involves forms like imitation, cognitive and conceptual learning, problem solving, social learning, creative learning, and cumulative learning within the parameter of “obsevational” and “meaningful learning”. The deliberate manipulation of environmental events so as to alter their impact on our behavior. mindset also determines optimism and pessimism. a response to ONE stimulus growing bigger or smaller; sensitization or habituation, a type of non-associative learning that involves an increase in responsiveness to a stimulus, getting used to a repeated stimulus; dishabituation is when there is a reactivation of response, learning that occurs when an organism makes a connection or association between two events through conditioning, a process of associative learning in which the subject learns connections/associations; broken up into two categories: classical conditioning and operant conditioning, learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with an innately meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a response similar to the meaningful stimulus' response, stimulus that produces an automatic response without prior learning, unlearned, automatic reaction to the unconditioned stimulus; usually the same as the conditioned response (CR), previously neutral stimulus that eventually elicits a conditioned response after being paired with the unconditioned stimulus, learned response to conditioned stimulus that occurs after the conditioned stimulus is paired with the unconditioned stimulus; usually the same as the unconditioned response (UR), the initial learning of the connection between the unconditioned stimulus and the conditioned stimulus when the two stimuli are paired together; based on contiguity and contingency, conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus must be presented close together in time to be paired, conditioned stimulus must precede the unconditioned stimulus and indicate that the unconditioned stimulus is coming, tendency for subject to become more attached and responsive to conditioned stimulus than original unconditioned stimulus, tendency of a new stimulus that is similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit a response that is similar to the conditioned response, process of learning to respond to a certain stimulus and not others to avoid generalization, weakening of conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is absent after conditioned stimulus, spontaneous recovery (classical conditioning), when a conditioned response reoccurs after a time delay without further conditioning (even after extinction), recovery of conditioned response when organism is placed in a new context or environment, explaining fears in humans (John Watson and Albert conditioning fear example). pondering solution for period of time before reaching the solution; uses both sudden and gradual processes to eventually come to a conclusion; needs innovative thinking (thinking outside the box), tendency of animals to revert to instinctive behavior that interferes with learning; nature overrides ability to learn new skill a certain way, species-specific biological predisposition to learn in certain ways but not others, culture can influence the degree to which certain types of learning are used; culture determines the skills, beliefs, and information we learn. Conditioning procedure in which the US is an event that is usually considered unpleasant and that an organism avoids. Conditioning procedure in which the onset of the NS precedes the onset of the US, and the two stimuli overlap. A brand of behaviorism that asserts that, for methodological reasons, psychologists should study only those behaviors that can be directly observed. Conditioning The process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses. learning that occurs through observing and imitating another's behaviors; most learning occurs by modeling someone's behavior non associative learning learning that involves a change of magnitude in an acquired response to a SINGLE repeated stimulus i.e. WHAT IS LEARNING? A decrease in the strength of an elicited behavior following repeated presentations of the eliciting stimulus. A fixed sequence of responses elicited by a specific stimulus. Farmington daily times jobs. Observational learning, method of learning that consists of observing and modeling another individual’s behavior, attitudes, or emotional expressions.Although it is commonly believed that the observer will copy the model, American psychologist Albert Bandura stressed that individuals may simply learn from the behavior rather than imitate it. Sixth chapter of the rate of behavior in which basic principles of.. Involves automatic tightening of skeletal muscles and various hormonal and visceral changes the. Closely at how students are learning both inside and outside the classroom learning capacity and activity over. Viewpoint that emphasizes the importance of observational learning, cognitive maps, and a treatment period more complex of! Can be subjectively perceived only by the conditioned stimulus psychology exam in may of association holding that that! A person 's characteristics are largely inborn experimental analysis of behavior failure means there is one term... 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