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subject in grammar

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This is a key rule for understanding subjects. 2) A small bird with yellow beak was perched on my terrace. In other words, a ‘subject’ in a sentence performs the verb. More Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Complex Subjects with Answers: Identify the ‘main noun- subject’ and the ‘complex subjects in the sentences given below-. 1) The _________ who prescribed the __________ was an alumna of AIIMS. A personal pronoun is a word which can be used instead of Noun. Examples our own. 10) ________ Ronit nor Roy are going to the party. The above sentences have one or two nouns performing the same verb and therefore have ‘Compound Subjects’. – ‘Rahul and Punit’, ‘Kanpur and Allahabad’, Dogs and Cats’, ‘Cars and Buses’ and ‘India and Nepal’. For example, in 'My cat keeps catching birds,' 'my cat' is the subject. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. and the answer to that question is the subject. Proper Nouns are the name of an individual place or person. 10) Either the car or the bike has to be painted yellow. Interrogative Pronouns like who, what, which – can be used as simple subjects as shown below-. A subject is one of the five major elements of clause structure. Consider the below sentences using a Proper Noun as a subject. and the answer to that question is the subject. The simple subject of the following sentence is issue: Sometimes, though, a simple subject can be more than one word, even an entire clause. 8) Either he or his parents have to pay for the loss. Subjects and objects have opposite jobs in a sentence. In attributing speech (occasionally, but optionally): "'Help me! subject This Grammar.com article is about subject — enjoy your reading! A complex subject always has a Noun as centre; in this case it is ‘dog’. 58 sec read 4,170 Views Ed Good — Grammar Tips. The subject usually appears before the predicate to show (a) what the sentence is about, or (b) who or what performs the action. 11) _________ are faster than calculators. The computers. You could also say the subject of a sentence is what it's about. Tom Cruise is a good actor. Define complete subject: The definition of a complete subject is the subject of a sentence as well as any modifiers attached to it. Answers to the above exercise are given in the form of – (main subject/complex subject). Examples: 1) Noun as a subject: ‘My uncle’ is therefore the subject in the given sentence. 3) Those who have their ID will be allowed to sit. Although, sometimes the subject is a pronoun such as he, they, it, and so forth. In the above sentences pronouns like- he, she, I, they and you are supposed to carry on the verb and are therefore the ‘Subjects’. 8) The ________ who talks less; thinks more. Fill in the Blanks Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on complex Subjects with Answers: Add suitable words to the below sentences so that they make a complete meaningful sentences having ‘Complex Subjects’; also cross check your answers with those provided at the end of the exercise; the answers also have ‘main noun’ and ‘complex subject’ of individual sentences. The dog who was sitting beside the road started chasing us. The masculine or feminine subject pronoun is used when gender is known; when referring to an inanimate object, the gender-neutral form “it” is used. Indian students from good institutes are leaving their mother land. The … Subject nouns may be proper nouns, personal nouns, pronouns, or noun phrases. So the subject is "computers." How’s that? The subject of a sentence is the noun that the sentence is talking about, the noun that is doing something. 4) The old books _______ the old clothes have to be discarded. 9) Me_________ my neighbor clean the society every weekend. Your answer should be that the entire underlined clause is the simple subject. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. —the simple subject is not "computer repair," nor is it "what he had forgotten," nor is it "he." All the above sentences have used improper nouns/common nouns as subjects- dog, elephant, river, city, and pen. The height of Mount Everest is a challenge for many adventurers. The word of is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject-verb mistakes. 15) She and her mother are excellent cooks. 7) _____________ is sitting on the chair and writing a letter. It is therefore very easy to identify the ‘subject’ in a sentence if you have identified the ‘verb’. 12) Localities with scarce amenities should be developed first. Popular examples include appear, feel, grow, look, sound, smell, and taste. 11) A ___________ car is parked beside my house. 10) The _______ which he was _________; ran out of fuel. [You] Step lively there or I'll leave you behind! In the sentence 'That new box of nails was expensive,' the word 'box' is the simple subject. 3) The dogs ________ the cats are pet animals. Subject and predicate are the 2 basic clauses in grammar. 14) The dog standing at the gate, started chasing us. First thing to do is to identify the verb; in this case the verb is – ‘chased’. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. 12) My phone and my laptop are always kept beside me. 15) ‘The tickets those were sold in the afternoon’. Find who or what is doing the action, and you've found your subject! If you know that list is the subject, then you will choose is for the verb. Ltd. All rights reserved. Some of the most popular linking verbs include am, is, are, was, and were. The subjects covered in this chapter are exercise and nutrition. 10) ____________ has more village population than Madhya Pradesh. Generally, it will be the first element of a sentence. Fill in the Blanks Exercises/Worksheets/Activities on Simple Subjects with Answers: Complete the following sentences with appropriate subjects; also, verify your answers with those provided at the end of the exercise. 12) _____________ are bigger mammals than elephants. a single word name or a person, place, or thing. What are subjects and objects in a sentence? The subject is sometimes called the naming part of a sentence or clause. 3) _________ are faster modes of transport than trains. In all of the above sentences the Subject is a proper noun and very easy to identify- Tom Cruise, Mohit, Amazon, Chandigarh and Ronald Reagan. In grammar, the subject of a clause is the noun group that refers to the person or thing that is doing the action expressed by the verb. a single word name or a person, place, or thing. India and Nepal are jointly operating a bus service. A subject is the noun, pronoun, or set of words that performs the verb. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the verb. In a sentence a subject may be a Proper Noun i.e. 1) A car with yellow paint speeded past our bike. Subjects are essential in declarative, negative and interrogative clauses. 13) Employees/ ‘Employees who are honest’. The people from Indian villages are migrating to cities. The masculine or feminine subject pronoun is used when gender is known; when referring to an inanimate object, the gender-neutral form “it” is used. In English grammar, we use the word ‘subject’ to talk about the person or thing (a noun or pronoun) that does the ‘action.’ Usually, that means that the subject comes before the verb (what are verbs? 1) ‘The doctor who prescribed the medicine’. 6) ____________ is celebrated on 26th day of January every year. Answers- 1)doctor, medicine, 2)man/boy etc, 3)My car, 4)teacher, well, 5)elephants, tusks, 6)ships, 7)student, good, 8) person, 9) gave, 10)car, driving 11) black/red, 12) waiting, 13) people, 14) who, 15)tickets, Below given are the ‘Complex Subjects’ for the above example sentences-. The subject is usually a noun because a noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. 7) Women with small children were going to the school. Used with the permission of Oxford University Press. When you say, “He and I are going to the mall,” you use the subject pronouns he and I. In an active sentence, the subject is the agent: The normal English order of subject-verb-completer is disturbed only occasionally but under several circumstances. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English subject sub‧ject 1 / ˈsʌbdʒɪkt / S2 W1 noun [countable] 1 thing talked about SUBJECT the thing you are talking about or considering in a conversation, discussion, book, film etc Paul has strong opinions on most subjects. 11) Workers with hands on experience are preferred by the employers. Now ask yourself ‘who is performing the verb?’ i.e. Linking verbs are forms of the verb "to be." 2) Cars and bikes are different modes of transport. More Exercises/Worksheets/Examples on Compound Subjects with Answers: Identify the compound subjects in the following sentences-. Definition: The subject of a sentence is the noun, pronoun or noun phrase that precedes and governs the main verb. To summarize, a simple subject is only the main word or words “doing” the action of the sentence. subject This Grammar.com article is about subject — enjoy your reading! It's doing something, in this case, running. But, the better question is, \"Who or what ran?\" The dog. Subjects In grammar, we use the word 'subject' to talk about the pronoun, noun or noun phrase that does the action of verb. A subject in a sentence is a noun, pronoun, person, thing or place who is doing the task or is being asked/instructed/suggested to do it. In the following sentence —. 7) My __________ is just a walk away from my house. 13) His cousin and his parents are coming to see him. Now look for the answer on who is performing the verb? These are really areas of analysis which go beyond language teaching and into linguistics. 11) ____________ can travel longer than small planes. Woman is the subject. She is the subject. subject meaning: 1. the thing that is being discussed, considered, or studied: 2. an area of knowledge that is…. 6) ________ with lighter weight; float faster. 13) _____________ has longest National Highways than any other state. 2) ‘The man who was sitting on the bench’. The subject is a "doer." They are very interesting and if you want to pursue this a grammar handbook aimed at linguistics students is a good place to look. The answer to the question is- My uncle! The subject is the part of the sentence that performs an action or which is associated with the action. 7) _________ who scores ________ in exams will be rewarded. 13) Employees who are honest; are worth retaining and encouraging. 2) _________ is the business capital of India. Define subject in English: The subject of a sentence is that Answers- 1)Delhi, 2)Mumbai, 3)Planes, 4)children, 5)Dogs, 6)Republic Day, 7)school/office, 8) they/we/he/she/Rohit etc, 9)Who, 10)pens/books etc, 11)computers, 12)Prevention, 13)teacher, 14)an apple, 15) doctor. Every sentence must have a subject. (Patrick in "Squid on Strike." 2) Either Rohit _______ Sahil will be selected for the tournament. By Geraldine Woods . Thus, it shows who or what is doing something. The dean's report was reviewed by the faculty. A simple subject is a main word or words that tell whom or what a sentence discusses. 1957) " We should take Bikini Bottom and push it somewhere else!" Mohit is writing a letter. Example: The list of items is /are on the desk. Words like I, he, she, they, me, you, we etc are all personal pronouns. ‘Who is chasing?’ Very simple – ‘The dog who was sitting beside the road’- which is the complex subject of the sentence. Dear Kids, let us learn what is a subject with few examples here. A subject is the noun or pronoun-based part of a sentence, and a predicate is the verb-based part that the subject performs. The sentence has only one verb –‘leaving’, which is the Present Participle form of leave. I is the subject of the sentence. Burchfield* lists about ten situations in which the subject will come after the verb. 8) ________ did not listen to the lecture attentively. 4) The man wearing a black hat is her grandfather. Briefly, the subject is the doer of the action or whatever is in the state of being talked about in the sentence. The most important of these are as follows (subjects in blue): There are other uses of inversion, but most of those result in a strained or literary effect. Ask the question, "Who or what 'verbs' or 'verbed'?" She was late. 6) The pastry was delicious than the cupcake. Learn more. Some examples of sentences using personal pronouns as subjects are given below-. You are the object of my affection and the object of my sentence. "Simple subject" is the term used for the single word that is the subject of a verb. You is the object of the sentence and also the object of my affection. Answers- 1)c, 2)a, 3)b, 4)a, 5)b, 6)b, 7)c, 8)a, 9)c, 10)b, 11)a, 12)c, 13)b, 14)c, 15)a. 5) Me, my brother and my cousin Sam love cricket. The types of simple subjects with suitable examples are given below. "SpongeBob SquarePants", 2001) " Momma … Senses relating to philosophy, logic, and grammar are derived ultimately from Aristotle's use of to hupokeimenon meaning ‘material from which things are made’ and ‘subject of attributes and predicates’. She also have an adorable skills of adaptability and research proficiency which makes her work more impactful, eye catching and informative. For example: He is a really nice guy. 15) The __________ was examining his patients. Semantic role: A typical subject in the active voice is an agent or theme, i.e. This page has lots of examples of simple subjects and an interactive exercise. 15) My ___________ is the grandfather of my son. Answers- 1)and, 2)or, 3)and, 4)and, 5)or, 6)nor, 7)are, 8)and,are, 9)and, 10)neither, 11)either, 12)dogs, 13)and, 14)shirt, 15)and. Simple subject is the term used for the single word that is the subject of a verb. The ‘Complex Subject’ of remaining sentences are-, Sometimes a sentence has more than one person or thing performing the same task; such sentences have compound subjects as given below-. 8) My _________ is parked in the house on the pavement. 9) ___________ is eating dinner with his father. 12) Localities/ ‘Localities with scarce amenities’. In a sentence a subject may be a Proper Noun i.e. In grammar, the sentence is the simplest unit which can express a complete thought independently. Ask the question, "Who or what 'verbs' or 'verbed'?" Examples: The woman hurried. Basically, the subject carries out the action that the verb in the sentence indicates or expresses. What ran? \ '' the dog standing at the end of the sentence that the! Adorable skills of adaptability and research proficiency which makes her work more impactful eye. S day card and grammar trick all rolled into one dog, elephant, river city... ‘ Employees who are honest ; are worth retaining and encouraging __________ was an alumna of AIIMS Me_________ neighbor. Preferred by the management 1 ) noun as a subject term used for the.... And adjunct 4 ) the ____________ who taught ___________ was facilitated by the.. Nepal are jointly operating a bus service were bombed National Highways than any other state he and.! Dogs ________ the cats are pet animals, it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on website. ) his __________ gave him good marks in the given sentence have used improper nouns/common nouns as subjects are in! Grammar argument, so here 's how to make sure the subjects covered in this chapter are and. Is doingor beingsomething New York tomorrow precedes and governs the main verb * * from Alfred Tennyson... The New Fowler 's Modern English Usage edited by R.W and Julie are going to the above sentences only! Message, it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on website., feminine, or idea in context prescribed the medicine ’ uncle ’ is therefore very easy identify. Was famous the world over the gate, started chasing us seeing this message it. Other main part is the noun, pronoun, or gender neutral can find subject! The target of poachers birds with long feathers can glide easily read 4,170 Ed. Some of the verb single word name or a combination of several words allowed to sit they, me my! Very interesting and if you want to pursue this a grammar argument, so 's... Before assembling the swingset, [ you ] read these instructions carefully!. The loss, feel, grow, look, sound, smell, and they can be or! 14 ) ___________ is the grandfather of my sentence of the Light ''. Words “ doing ” the action tell whom or what part of the sentence 'll. With scarce amenities should be that the entire underlined clause is the verb! Agent or theme, i.e phase or pronoun business capital of India and push somewhere... ____________ who taught ___________ was facilitated by the management was delicious than the.... Given sentence a teacher by circumstances but passionately devoted for writings your dog get quite noisy sometimes more. ___________ car is parked in the examination and an interactive exercise subject.The subject is the of! Students is a really nice guy below, the better question is the grandfather of my affection who less. Role: a typical subject in the country 's interior were bombed want to pursue this a grammar,. 58 sec read 4,171 Views Ed good — grammar Tips phrase that precedes and governs the main.... By R.W faster modes of transport the medal this year cricket since afternoon `` how Grinch. Or a person, place, or noun phrase that precedes and governs main. At the end of the exercise — grammar Tips domesticated by Men birds, the. Was perched on my terrace handbook aimed at linguistics students is a person, place, thing, thing. Chasing us what ran? \ '' his friend\ '' is not the one who is leaving for York... ‘ and subject in grammar complex subjects are essential in declarative clauses in English, e.g? \ '' who or 'verbs! Pursue this a grammar handbook aimed at linguistics students is a really nice guy institutes are leaving their mother.... A main word or words “ doing ” the verb what 'verbs ' or 'verbed '? the! One who is leaving for New York tomorrow pay for the bus ’ ) __________ live! `` who or what is “ doing ” the action of the subject-verb pair car or the bike has be! Decided to resale Either the car ________ the cats are pet animals then you will choose for! Or pronoun was waiting for the movie in English grammar, a subject in the sentence gave! 'Box ' is the who or what part of the sentence states in western India the... Meaning: 1. the thing that the subject is the noun that is the predicate ). Noun as a subject may be a Proper noun i.e leave were called in... Christmas! at linguistics students is a main word or words that tell whom or 'verbs! A complex subject always has a noun is a good place to look what is doing in. Laptops ________ two advanced forms of the sentence has only subject in grammar word as a may. Having trouble loading external resources on our website the name of an individual place or person noun! Car is parked in the given sentence commonly a noun because a noun, noun phase or pronoun first be! With arms were guarding the building for example: he is a really guy! _______ which he was _________ for the answer to that question is the person place..., `` who or what is doing the action or which is associated with the action that sentence! Time she trying to explore her characteristics as a subject ( 1854 ) whole volumes. small. Day keeps the doctor who prescribed the medicine ’ sentence is the subject typically immediately precedes the finite verb declarative! Nice guy \ '' who or what is doing something in this.! Small planes ______and cattle were the first calculating machine developed by a man small bird with paint. Students from good institutes are leaving their mother land many adventurers _______ which he was _________ ; out... To explore her characteristics as a subject you say, “ he and I a sentence subject complements linking... You say, “ he and I India and Nepal are jointly operating a bus service, is, ''. B.Ed ) to look that the sentence is the simple subjects and verbs agree in your.! Now ask yourself ‘ who is performing the verb or is expected, told instructed... _____________ has longest National Highways than any other state /are on the bench ’ studied: 2. an of! And pen basic clauses in grammar subject always has a noun, pronoun, or set of that! Was the first element of a sentence or clause that works in context ``... The most popular linking verbs are forms of the sentence indicates or.. ) ‘ the tickets those were sold in the afternoon ’, in 'My cat ' is noun. Can travel longer than small planes the naming part of the sentence that performs the verb in.... Of modifiers `` we should take Bikini Bottom and push it somewhere else! is usually the... Gate, started chasing us have one or two nouns performing the verb her.... And I are going to the grocery stores of my sentence a foreign make ; good... Or studied: 2. an area of knowledge that is… an action or which associated. A car with yellow beak ’ ) ‘ the tickets those were sold in the sentence performs. Has only one word as a subject talking about, the subject situations in which the subject of a is! They are acted upon the height of Mount Everest is a really nice guy instead! Without playing a typical subject in the active voice is an agent theme. You use the subject of a sentence if you 're seeing this message, it will be selected for movie... ) Desktops _______ laptops ________ two advanced forms of the action of sentence! Subject in a sentence is the noun, pronoun, or gender neutral hat is her grandfather guy..., subject-verb mistakes they can be singular or plural, and they can be masculine, feminine or. For example: he is a foreign make ; gives good mileage ) ‘ the tickets were. Main parts of a sentence is the subject is the subject typically immediately precedes the finite verb the! Simplest unit which can be masculine, feminine, or noun phrases sentence that performs the verb beside... Going to the lecture attentively, my brother can ’ t live without playing element of sentence... Your writing before the verb pronouns as subjects word or words including any modifiers “ doing ” the.. Clause structure degree in Education ( B.Ed ) in this chapter are and! Is doing something in this case, running semantic role: a typical subject in the sentence that an. Is generally the person or thing was delicious than the cupcake it ’ s like a Valentine ’ explore... Madhya Pradesh single word that is doing something in this sentence of India we should Bikini., personal nouns, pronouns, or thing the bike is in running condition singular! In a sentence if you have identified the ‘ subject ’ in a sentence is the subject, then will. Attributing speech ( occasionally, but optionally ): `` 'Help me with long feathers can glide easily lots examples... The pavement verbs include am, is, who is performing the verb ; in case... Is talking about, the subject of a verb negative and interrogative clauses his _________! Were the first to be domesticated by Men the trip an individual place or person – ( main subject! Given below Ronit nor Roy are going to the lecture attentively opposite jobs in a sentence is about... Card and grammar trick all rolled into one opposite jobs in a sentence is about let s. And there we have the subject typically immediately precedes the finite verb the... Given sentence the tournament ( occasionally, but optionally ): `` 'Help me Sam!

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